The Hamsa Hand or Hand of Fatima is an ancient Middle Eastern talisman. In all religions it is a protective symbol. It is talismanic symbol that people believed to protect them from harm against the evil eye and bring them goodness, abundance, fertility, luck and good health.
Many early cultures adopted the eye as an icon for their protection, others used Hamsa and so over time the most popular universal symbol became an eye placed in the palm of a hand. Hamsa hand bracelet or hand of fatima necklace is worn by people who have the faith in a "Supreme Power" and find themselves at a cross-road in life. They could follow different religions; some of them could be Jewish, Muslim others could be advocates of Christianity or Buddhism. Irrespective of their religious beliefs, they would find themselves in a common ground as far as having faith in a Higher Power is concerned. The amulet consists of five spread fingers, often with an eye on the hand. It can be found today throughout the Middle East in women's jewelry, as hamsa bracelet , hamsa necklace , hand of fatima pendant , flat-weaving, embroidery, door-knockers, automobile ornamentation, and so on. They would want to depend on this energy source to keep themselves protected from negative influences that are otherwise outside their control. Hamsa hand or Hand of Fatima can now be found as an attractive symbol in people's homes or may even be worn by them as ornaments. Many people still place it in their homes where the guests can see in the moment they enter. As there is a widespread belief that it will protect the house and household from disasters primarily fire.
The hamsa hand has a wide variety of different spellings which includes hamesh, hamsa, chamsa, and khamsa. It is also identified as the Hand of Miriam, Aaron and Moses's sister, and the Hand of Fatima. The wearer of the hamsa hand can wear it facing up or down and it is believed to give the owner success, harmony, and protection from the evil eye or nazar.
The word, "hamsa," derives its name from the five fingers on the hand. In Hebrew, the number five is "hamesh" and the fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is "Hey," one of God's holy names. "Hamesh" is representative of the five books of the Torah. In Judaism, it is also interpreted to be the Hand of Miriam, and symbolic of the owner's five senses in an effort to praise God.
In Arabic, it is "khamesh." In the Sunni culture, the hamsa is associated with the Five Pillars of Islam. For the Shi'tes, it symbolizes the Five People of the Cloak. In the Islamic faith, it symbolizes as The Hand of Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed.